The mangrove dynamics of krishna wildlife sanctuary

Introduction: The mangrove derive their name from the word "Mangal" Portuguese word for mangroves, "Mangue". The Northern part of the Sanctuary is covered by back waters of Bay of Bengal. They provide appropriate ecosystem and refuge for fish, marine invertebrate, and birds. Uniqueness: This mangrove forest is not only a highly sensitive and productive zone but is also a nursery ground for shrimp, shell and fin fish.

It is a breeding ground for the endangered Olive Ridley turtles. Flora: There are about 19 species of plants found in this Sanctuary. Presence of all the three species of Avicennia i. Avicennia alba, Avicennia officinalis and Avicennia marina is a unique feature here.

Plants like Rhizophora spp, Excoecaria agallocaha, etc; represent the other characteristic Mangrove flora. Fauna: Mangrove ecosystems harbor specialized fauna. Invertebrate life is wide-ranging from molluscs, gastropods, prawns, crabs and insects.

The Piscean fauna is amazing with representation of over 40 species of fishes. Herp's like Olive-ridley turtle, salt water crocodile, spectacled cobra, etc; characterize the reptilian fauna.

Apart from black capped kingfisher - an indicator species, the vibrant bird life is epitomized by feathered bipeds like Brahminy kite, Flamingoes, Open billed stork, Brown headed gull, Cattle egret, Reef heron, etc. Mammalian fauna is represented by Fishing cat, Smooth scaled otters, Dolphins, Wolf, Ferral cattle semi wild cattleetc. Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary.In the focus of above context, the current study describes the mangrove dynamics of Krishna wildlife Sanctuary KWS of Andhra Pradesh AP state using spatio-temporal satellite data.

The study elucidates degradation of mangroves of this region along with the restoration steps taken by the forest department in collaboration with M. Introduction Mangroves have different economic benefits. Nowadays, destruction of mangrove forest is very alarming. During the yearmangroves forest is abouthectares wide. Human anthropogenic activities such as conversion of mangroves into fishpond, shrimp farm, salt ponds.

To survive in an intertidal environment, they must be able to tolerate a broad range of salinity, temperatures and moisture levels. In an environment with such low. A mangrove can be defined as a tree, shrub, palm or ground fern, usually exceeding a length of one meter in height. It will generally grow above the average tidal level in a marine coastal environment.

In the past their removal was seen as a sign of progress. So what is the point of preserving them? For a start, an estimated 75 percent of fish caught commercially spend some time in the mangroves or are dependent on food chains which can be traced back to these coastal forests.

Chennai is the biggest industrial and commercial centre in South India. Also, it is known for being a major cultural, economic and educational centre.

Because of this, there will be many impacts on the human environment, such as affecting tourism. Chidambaram and how flooding will. Genetically modified foods are foods produced from organisms that have had specific changes adding, deleting, changing segments introduced into their DNA using the methods of genetic engineering.

King So they could produce desirable traits or eliminate undesirable traits, a process that enables transfer of genes between different species that would not interbreed in nature. This was a tobacco plant that was created with antibiotic. Mangroves in Australia The mangrove communities of Australia are some of the most highly adaptive plant communities in the world.A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water.

The term is also used for tropical coastal vegetation consisting of such species. Mangroves are salt-tolerant trees, also called halophytesand are adapted to life in harsh coastal conditions. They contain a complex salt filtration system and complex root system to cope with salt water immersion and wave action.

They are adapted to the low oxygen conditions of waterlogged mud. The mangrove biomeor mangal, is a distinct saline woodland or shrubland habitat characterized by depositional coastal environments, where fine sediments often with high organic content collect in areas protected from high-energy wave action. The term " mangrove " comes to English from Spanish perhaps by way of Portugueseand is likely to originate from Guarani.

It was earlier "mangrow" from Portuguese mangue or Spanish manglebut this word was corrupted via folk etymology influence of the word " grove ". Mangrove swamps mangals are found in tropical and subtropical tidal areas. Areas where mangroves occur include estuaries and marine shorelines.

The intertidal existence to which these trees are adapted represents the major limitation to the number of species able to thrive in their habitat.

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High tide brings in salt water, and when the tide recedes, solar evaporation of the seawater in the soil leads to further increases in salinity. The return of tide can flush out these soils, bringing them back to salinity levels comparable to that of seawater. At low tide, organisms are also exposed to increases in temperature and reduced moisture before being then cooled and flooded by the tide.

Thus, for a plant to survive in this environment, it must tolerate broad ranges of salinity, temperature, and moisture, as well as a number of other key environmental factors—thus only a select few species make up the mangrove tree community.

About species are considered "mangroves", in the sense of being a tree that grows in such a saline swamp, [6] though only a few are from the mangrove plant genus, Rhizophora.

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However, a given mangrove swamp typically features only a small number of tree species. It is not uncommon for a mangrove forest in the Caribbean to feature only three or four tree species.

For comparison, the tropical rainforest biome contains thousands of tree species, but this is not to say mangrove forests lack diversity. Though the trees themselves are few in species, the ecosystem that these trees create provides a home habitat for a great variety of other species, including as many as species of marine megafauna. Mangrove plants require a number of physiological adaptations to overcome the problems of low environmental oxygen levels, high salinity and frequent tidal flooding.

Each species has its own solutions to these problems; this may be the primary reason why, on some shorelines, mangrove tree species show distinct zonation. Small environmental variations within a mangal may lead to greatly differing methods for coping with the environment.You have been successfully added to the mailing list of Times of India Travel.

To complete the subscription process, kindly open your inbox and click on the confirmation link which has been emailed to you. Thank You for sharing! Your friend will receive the point of interest link on email mentioned. This sanctuary is a part of a mangrove wetland and is located in the coastal plain of Krishna river delta.

Top 20 Unexplored Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Follow us on. Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary. Would you also like to post a review for Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary? Post a Review No, Thanks! User Rating:. HappyTrips Editors Located in Andhra Pradesh this sanctuary is a part of a mangrove wetland in the coastal plains of the Krishna river delta.

the mangrove dynamics of krishna wildlife sanctuary

Not surprisingly, it's prime snake habitat and the Park is famous for pythons and other species of snakes. Spread over The best time to visit the place is between the months of October to February. Was this helpful? Join Us On Facebook Close. Share your Andhra Pradesh Trip Experience. Characters Remaining: Be the first one to review.

Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary. Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary,Andhra Pradesh. Hemis National Park. Nanda Devi National Park. Silent Valley National Park.

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Eravikulam National Park. Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary. East Karbi Anglong Wildlife Sanctuary. Dibru-Saikhowa National Park. Share with friends Thank You for sharing!It is believed by conservationists to be one of the last remaining tracts of thick primary mangrove forests of South India, which is rapidly disappearing due to absence of protective measures.

The sanctuary is a part of the mangrove wetland in Andhra Pradesh and are located in the coastal plain of Krishna delta. They occupy the islands of the delta and the adjacent mainlands of Krishna and Guntur Districts. A part of the mangroves is located far from the main mangrove area.

This unconnected regions lies near Machilipatnam on its eastern side and Nakshatranagar on its western side. The estuary of Krishna River passes through the sanctuary, and the mangroves line the estuary.

Rhizophoraceae

It is believed [ by whom? Some of the tree species found in the sanctuary are: Casuarina equisetifoliaPongamia gladraCalotropis giganteaCassia auriculataThespesia populneaIpomaea bilobaSpinifex squarrosusSpinifex littoreusPongamia pinnateProsopis juliflorabanyanpeepulmargosatummamangopalmyra.

The sanctuary is home to reptiles including the garden lizardwall lizard and tortoise. Snakes of the area include: [6]. The amphibian fauna present in the sanctuary include the common frogthe otter and the saltwater crocodile.

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The herbivorous species present are spotted deersambar and black buck. Other species found in the sanctuary are hyenajungle catfox and bear. Avifauna include crested serpent eagleIndian rollerwagtails and pipits.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 30 July Archived from the original on 22 May The New Indian Express.

the mangrove dynamics of krishna wildlife sanctuary

Retrieved 22 May Archived from the original on 21 October Retrieved 28 September Deccan Heritage. Hyderabad, India: Universities Press. Eastern Ghats. Deccan Plateau Kolar Plateau. Wildlife sanctuaries of Andhra Pradesh.

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Fishbone model helps restore mangrove cover in KWS

Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons.River length km. Chennai pop: 7 millionHyderabad pop: 6. In OctoberAndhra Pradesh moved from drought to flood as the Krishna recorded its highest flood levels in a century, marooning villages and leaving millions homeless.

This happened just six years after a prolonged drought from to reduced the Krishna to a trickle. It barely reached the ocean during this entire three-year period. One of the twelve Jyotirlingas is located at Srisailam, on the banks of the Krishna. The Amareshwara Swami temple at Amaravati and the Kanaka Durga temple at Vijayawada are other famous temples along the river. Basava referred to Shiva as Kudalasangama Deva in his poems. At its peak, the capital city, Hampi, had a population of over a million, and was the largest city in the world at the time.

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Restoring The Natural Mangrove Forest

Skip to content. Population in basin million. Major cities using water Chennai pop: 7 millionHyderabad pop: 6. The Krishna and Godavari deltas are very close to each other.

Together, they support almost 10 million people in an area of 12, sq km. The Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary, located where the Krishna meets the Bay of Bengal, contains one of the last remnants of mangrove forests in South India.

It is home to a unique ecosystem that includes estuarine crocodiles, smooth-coated otters and serpent eagles. There are only about of these birds left in the wild.

The sanctuary is located near Sholapur, near the Bhima river, a tributary of the Krishna.

Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary

Recent Disasters In OctoberAndhra Pradesh moved from drought to flood as the Krishna recorded its highest flood levels in a century, marooning villages and leaving millions homeless. The Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga is the source of the river Bhima, a tributary of the Krishna.

Know Our Dying Rivers.Here is the unexplored wildlife destinations in India, which are still lesser known to people and untouched by the large number of tourists. Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary and estuary is the second largest stretch of mangrove forests in India and home to the critically endangered vultures found in India as well as waders and mangrove bird species. The backwaters of the mangrove forest is also home to breeding population of otters, spot-billed pelican, sandpiper, redshank, sea turtle and fishing cat.

Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary is the rarest eco-regions in India with pristine mangrove forest and estuary located in Andhra Pradesh. Krishna sanctuary along the coastal plain of Krishna delta is home to marine reptiles and snakes such as Common sand boa, Common trinket snake and Common cat snake. Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary around the fortress of Kumbhalgarh across the Aravalli Range is part of the Kathiawar-Gir dry deciduous forests ecoregion.

The sanctuary is home to a variety of endangered species and wildlife, including Indian wolf, Indian leopard,chausingha and also one of the places for the reintroduction of the Asiatic lion and cheetahs in India. The sanctuary host variety of wildlife, including rare Flying squirrel,Caracal cat,striped hyena, golden jackal and Indian leopard. Nagzira wildlife sanctuary is an important conservation unit in Maharashtra and home of many endangered species.

The sanctuary located between Bhandara and Gondia district of Maharashtra and home to mouse deer, porcupine, pangolin, mongoose, otter and wild dog.

the mangrove dynamics of krishna wildlife sanctuary

The evergreen forest of sanctuary is home to rare species of birds such as Nilgiri wood-pigeon,Malabar whistlingthrush, Indian blue robin and very rare Indian frogmouth. The sanctuary and Western Ghats landscape is home to rare black panther, endangered slender loris,flying squirrel and small Indian civet.

Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary of Goa is famous for dense forest of tall trees and nature trails. The sanctuary is located in Canacona and home to Malabar pit viper, hump-nosed pit viper, draco flying lizard, Malabar gliding snake and flying drogs.

Dandeli is a birdwatchers paradise and famous for for the great hornbill, Malabar pied hornbill, king cobra and elusive black panther. Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary near Chikkamagaluru town in Karnataka state offers wide range of flora and fauna. The sanctuary is surrounded by mountain peak, scenic hills, shola forest and supports more than 50 species of wildlife including Malabar giant squirrel, ruddy mongoose, black leopard and jungle wild cat.

Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for star tortoise in India and one of the best wildlife sanctuaries and the protected areas of Kerala. The sanctuary contiguous with Eravikulam National Park, which is the first national park in Kerala and home to largest surviving population of Nilgiri tahr in India. Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary in the Erode district is the largest wildlife sanctuary in Tamil Nadu.

the mangrove dynamics of krishna wildlife sanctuary

Palani Hills Wildlife Sanctuary is the easternmost part of the Western Ghats and a biodiversity hotspots. The hills and ecoregions are home to very rare and endangered plants and animals of India such as grizzled giant squirrel, Nilgiri tahr, wild ox and black Indian leopard. Mitiyala Wildlife Sanctuary is home to 11 to 12 Indian lions and Indian leopards, shares a common boundary with Gir woodlands.

Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the lesser known high altitude sanctuary and home to rare and endangered medicinal plant species and healthy population snow leopards in Himachal Pradesh. Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary is located at foothills of Himalayas and home to rare and endangered species of India- hispid hare,critically endangered suid -Pygmy hog, Vulnerable Clouded leopard and very rare Hoolock gibbon.

The sanctuary is home to rare Mishmi Hills giant flying squirrel, Mishmi takin,Red goral,red panda, Asiatic black bear and Gongshan muntjac.

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Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary and estuary is the second largest stretch of mangrove forests in India and home to the critically endangered vultures found in India as well as waders and mangrove bird species.

Nagzira wildlife sanctuary, Maharashtra Nagzira wildlife sanctuary is an important conservation unit in Maharashtra and home of many endangered species. Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for star tortoise in India and one of the best wildlife sanctuaries and the protected areas of Kerala.

Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary, Himachal Pradesh Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the lesser known high altitude sanctuary and home to rare and endangered medicinal plant species and healthy population snow leopards in Himachal Pradesh.

Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam Bornadi Wildlife Sanctuary is located at foothills of Himalayas and home to rare and endangered species of India- hispid hare,critically endangered suid -Pygmy hog, Vulnerable Clouded leopard and very rare Hoolock gibbon. Click To Comment.